Lack of infrastructure investment delays driverless cars
A lack of investment in infrastructure has pushed Australia off the road map when it comes to autonomous vehicles, according to a new report by global consulting group KPMG. The death of local car manufacturing and a lack of infrastructure has dropped Australia to a lowly 14th out of 20 countries for driverless car readiness.
The report says the key issues for Australia are “improvements to roads and electric charging infrastructure”. The lack of a local automotive industry also means the country scores poorly for research and development investment.
The survey of the 20 most AV-ready countries was based on four criteria: policy and legislation, technology and innovation, infrastructure and consumer acceptance.
National guidelines for self-driving vehicle trials released last May by the Turnbull government earned us 11th place for policy and legislation, but the KPMG report implies the laws didn’t go far enough because the driver is still required to be the “legal driver” and is responsible for any accident caused while sitting behind the wheel of an autonomous vehicle.
In contrast The Netherlands tops the rankings for letting autonomous vehicle trials occur without a driver, having more than 1000 traffic lights capable of communicating with autonomous cars. The country also has the highest density of electric vehicles and relatively large numbers of businesses involved in AV research.
A KPMG spokesman says autonomous vehicles aren’t likely in the next decade, so electric vehicle readiness becomes important.
“There’s no doubt cars with internal combustion engines will be autonomous but the issue is we need to prepare now if we’re going to deal with the challenges autonomous vehicles present.”
The KPMG report also highlights the need for private sector research and investment in the technology.
“Private-sector research and testing is an essential element in the development of AV, with three of the top five countries in this index’s first edition having significant domestic AV capability. But on its own it is not sufficient, as reflected in the US’ third place. While the US is the clear global leader on innovation, it has an average rating on legislation.”
Serious private-sector research folded in Australia with the demise of Ford, Holden and Toyota as local car makers, leaving the likes of Mercedes-Benz and Volvo to fill the gap as they try to create computer code to cope with our huge distances and hazards such as kangaroos.
KPMG also noted we scored inside the top 10 for consumer acceptance of autonomous vehicles despite the fact “Australians are fairly cynical about the technology”.
NRMA director Tim Trumper says there are “about 700 laws that need to change … it’s solvable but it’s complex”.
“At some point the trust issue will be solved because we just get used to the idea but we’re a long way from that.”
— Implement road pricing reform as a matter of priority to manage demand for car travel, and as a policy lever to encourage ride sharing.
— Assist with a dedicated AV testing facility, tailored to simulate Australian road conditions which can be used by the global carmakers to test and ensure the technology is suitable for Australian cities and regions.
— Consider autonomous electric vehicles in our infrastructure planning and investment decision making processes. This includes the take-up of autonomous ride-sourcing services and the implications for travel behaviour and land use.
— Encourage an eventual transition from private ownership to ride sourcing and car sharing for daily travel. This includes promoting business models that provide these services.
— Governments must also ensure high quality alternatives to car travel are available, including public transport, walking and cycling.